Exploring Majors & Career Options
|Make the Most of Your Time at Penn State|
|Career Planning Steps|
|Take a Career Planning Course|
- Visit Career Services Drop-In Counseling to explore your own process of decision- making, engage in self-assessment activities, and identify the action steps necessary to define and achieve your goals
- Meet with your academic adviser to learn about majors, academic options, course content, and requirements
- Establish a relationship with faculty to learn about opportunities to gain experience in and outside of the classroom
- Increase your exposure to career fields of interest through job shadowing, internship, volunteer, or work experiences during academic and summer breaks
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Career Planning Process
Career Decision-Making Style Increasing your self-awareness will help you determine a major or career path that is a good fit for you. Engage in discussion, activities, and career assessments to identify your interests, values, abilities, and personality. Through career counseling you can work toward understanding who you are and apply this information to career decisions.
Explore Career Options
Explore career options so you can connect your knowledge, interests, values, abilities, major and personality to careers. The four levels of Career Exploration provide examples of how to collect career information.
Read about Careers of Interest
- Career Information Center and Library World (use PSU CAREER SVCS to login)
- What Can I Do With This Major?
- Career Internet Database (career list with hundreds of occupations)
- Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH)
- O*NET (Occupational Information Database)
Talk with Others in Career Fields of Interest
Talk with a variety of people in careers you find interesting. Most people like to talk about their career path and their position, career field, or industry. Even if you decide that the career is not the best option for you - that is valuable information. View Informational Interviews for guidelines and start talking with:
- Relatives, neighbors, friends, and others
- Faculty/staff in your department
- Alumni through LionLink
- Employers through Penn State Career Connection LinkedIn Group, Industry Spotlights, or Information Sessions
Observe Professionals At Their Workplace
Observe and "job shadow" professionals in the workplace to get a better sense of the day-to-day responsibilities, challenges, and work environment of within various careers. This experience can reinforce to you the types of skills, interests, and values desired to succeed within career areas. Seek out opportunities to observe professionals through your network of contacts and Career Services.
Experience Work First-hand through Internships/Related Opportunities
Test-drive specific career fields by taking on short-term work or volunteer activities. Reflect on your experiences to refine and modify your career interest areas. Remember, even short-term experiences lasting less than a semester or summer can be very valuable in shaping your future career plans.
Develop Knowledge, Skills and Abilities
Each year, the National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) ask employers to rate the Top Qualities and Skills.Gain insight into the type of knowledge, skills, and abilities, necessary to succeed in a career field as you learn more about career options. This may shape what you want to gain from your academic classes, your involvement in student organizations, and the types of work experiences you seek. While most career options have certain academic skills required to perform well in a particular job, many skills and qualities are common among employers across career fields.
Develop Self-Marketing Tools
Recognize the experiences, abilities and education requirements that are commonly expected by employers and graduate schools. This will guide you as you compose and deliver your self-marketing tools (resume, cover letter, application essay, personal statement, writing sample). Work with a career counselor to ensure that your application materials are putting you in the best possible position to be considered for the opportunities.