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All classes will be held online beginning on March 16 and continuing through the duration of the spring semester. All on-campus student-sponsored events and activities during this time will be canceled. Students are strongly discouraged from returning to campus or off-campus residences during this time. More information on Penn State News

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The 3Ds

We know how difficult it can be to step in. That’s why we’ve adopted the 3Ds. This simple methodology provides memorable tactics for interrupting a situation. It doesn’t take a heroic act to make a difference, sometimes all it takes is simplicity, subtlety, and a little bit of creativity to drastically change the outcome of a situation.


Directly interact with the people involved in the situation, and express that you are concerned.


Distract the people involved by diverting their attention to something else without acknowledging you are concerned. Use the distraction to covertly defuse the situation.


Delegate your responsibility to intervene in a concerning situation by notifying someone who is better equipped to handle that particular situation. If you ever feel unsafe, always delegate.

Proactive & Reactive Responses

There are two basic responses that bystanders can provide in any given situation: reactive response or proactive response.

proactive response involves making small choices that deter an incident from happening in the first place.

However, we cannot see the future. We sometimes find ourselves thrown into a quickly-escalating situation that demands a swift and decisive reactive response.

Sometimes these situations can be scary and high-risk, and sometimes they just feel awkward or confusing. The choices we make at these times have a greater impact. The 3Ds guide you towards reactive responses that are safe, effective, and simple enough to recall and prompt action in these kinds of circumstances.